Archive for February 27, 2014

TEACHING TO READ AND WRITE CHILDREN WITH DOWN’S SYNDROME: INTRODUCTION

February 27, 2014

INTRODUCTION

Children with Down’s syndrome have difficulties in the acquisition of the phonological awareness (Cossu et al., 1993; Bertelson, 1993; Ryka, 1994; Iacono, 1998). However, many studies report that children with Down syndrome learn the ability to read and write for concrete situations in their own live. (Troncoso & Del Cerro, 1991; Bower & Hayes, 1993; Buckley & Bird, 1993; Bird et al., 2001; Oelwein, 1998; Buckley, 2001; Byrne et al., 2002; Henao et al., 2003; Baddely & Wilson, 1995; Cossu, Rossini & Marshall, 1993; Byrne, 1993; Morton & Frith, 1993; Burt, Holm & Dodd 1999; Bird, Bishop & Freeman, 1995; Byrne & Fielding-Barnsley, 1991; Byrne & Fielding-Barnsley, 1993; Guillon, 2000; Gathercole & Baddeley, 1990; Seymour & Elder, 1986; Bishop & Robson, 1989; Bishop & Adams, 1990; Morais, Cary, Alegria & Bertelson, 1979; Sterne & Goswami, 2000).

The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of the PCS- method (Picture Communication symbols) on the ability to learn, to read, to write in children with Down’s syndrome and to document the development of writing levels. Another purpose was to document the impact that parents have in the process for learning to read and write of this children.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY RESOURCES: CONCLUSIONS

February 25, 2014

CONCLUSIONS

With the rapid increase of population and decay growing in water resources as a result of climate change, misuse of this wealth in the Middle East, which teeming originally conflicts, national, ethnic, religious, conflicts. it is expected that the outbreak of water a new wars over the coming decades in part Asian from the Middle East, Israel has control of most sources of Water at the expense of Palestine, Syria, Jordan, and the dam projects whichset up by Turkey willaffects on Syria and Iraq quotafrom the waters of the Tigris and the Euphrates River. It is expected that the peoples of these countries will sufferinga lot of water shortages over the coming years.

In part of Africa from the Middle East, the signing countries, (the source of the Nile Basin) to a new agreement for sharing water in isolation from downstream countries (Egypt and Sudan) threatens to start a new phase of the conflict between Egypt and Sudan in one hand and each of Burundi, Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda on the other hand.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY RESOURCES: CONFLICT OVER WATER

February 23, 2014

The report which issued by the United Nations in 23/3/2002refer to serious water shortage facing the world, where 2.7 billion people suffer from a lack of clean water and about 5 billion peoplelive in areas facing a shortage of fresh water, it is also about 5 million peopledies each year due to diseases caused by lack of water and the report concluded that the dispute over water is one of the main causes of international conflict in the future.

For that if the Researchers agreed on the label of the twentieth century a century of oil and conflict over oil, so conflict over water is the main feature in the twenty-first century, where water is the main supplier of daily life economic, social and agricultural in all countries of the world and because of the drought that dominated the world and the lack of water, the risk of War and conflict looms near alarming wars future in many areas of the world where rising demand for water in thelast forty years largely due to the growing population in the world where the number of the world’s population in the fifties of the last century about 2.5 billion people, and doubled that number in 1990 it became about 5.3 billion , it is expected to reach the world’s population in 2025 to more than 8 billion, to an annual increase of up to 90 million and this will have significant effects on the world’s water consumption and low per capita of water for each person .

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INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY RESOURCES: RESULTS

February 21, 2014

RESULTS

Washington realized that the world in the new millennium has changed and that the Qatari gas became unable to compete in the European market because Russian influence in Europe increased with growing demand for Russian gas, which monopolizes 25% of exports to Europe, and this will increases the strength of Russia in Europe and in the world, not only that but,Moscow began restoreits economic recovery, that is why America’s move was to attack the World Trade Center in the U.S. in response to Israel’s defeat in Lebanon in 2000 and the arrival of Putin to power and convergence between China-Russia after tension lasted decades during the Cold War, and the fall of some strongholds of Washington in South America , all of this t was an introduction of the beginning of the occupation of Afghanistan, and of course the main goal is to cut transit routes from China , Russia and Iran.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY RESOURCES: INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY

February 19, 2014

The international competition over energy resources will be one of the most important factors and causes of international conflict in the future and that appeared evident in recent times, that the international crisis of the current economic associated with rising energy prices and the depletion of these resources will be the most prominent factor in international conflict infuture, we will talkin this study on international conflict over oil and gas and conflict over water sources.

Conflict over Oil

Conflict over the control of valuable oil supplies has been a persistent feature of international affairs since the beginning of the 20 th century. Such conflict varies in nature, ranging from territorial disputes over the possession of oilladen border areas to dynastic or factional struggles among the leaders of oil-rich countries to major inter-state wars over the control of vital oil zones. As oil becomes more scarce and valuable, the frequency and severity of such conflict is likely to increase.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY RESOURCES: INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

February 17, 2014

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

The concept of conflict and war is one of the oldest concepts in international relations and we can say that the science of international relations was established due to the looking for the causes of conflict, war and maintaining peace, where appeared the oldest theories in international relations (realism and idealism theories) that were each one has different view to prevent war and maintaining peace, the realism theories thought , possibility of achieving peace could be achieved through military force and balance of power, while the idealism thought that peace could be achieved through cooperation and coordination and though international justice.

The International law distinguishes between three forms of international conflict International, international armed conflict, internationalized armed conflict, and non-international armed conflict. According to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, common article 2 states that “all cases of declared war or of any armed conflict that may arise between two or more high contracting parties, even if the state of war is not recognized, the convention shall also apply to all cases of partial or total occupation of the territory of a high contracting party even if the said occupation meets with no armed resistance” (Geneva Convention, 1949, common art.2). This means that the occurrence of international armed conflict is clear, that is, it would be a conflict between the legal armed forces of two different states. A good example would be the North Korean-South Korean war of 1950.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY RESOURCES:GAS AND OIL PIPELINES

February 15, 2014

Iran: it cannot make any economic projects with Iran because of U.S. economic sanctions that prevent the creation of this project within Iran.

Azerbaijan: also cannot deal with Azerbaijan because of the economic embargo by the U.S. after the intervention in Armenia in early 1990.

The Caucasus: There has been heavy fighting in recent years as Moscow has battled rebels in Chechnya,

Dagestan, and North Ossetia. Georgia has fought secessionists in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

Central Asia: While the civil war in Tajikistan officially ended in 1997, fighting between the government and rebels occasionally erupts. Uzbekistan has recently battled Islamic rebels based in neighboring Kyrgyzstan.

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INTERNATIONAL CONFLICT OVER ENERGY RESOURCES: INTRODUCTION

February 13, 2014

INTRODUCTION

Since the beginning of this century, energy is taking a central place for economic development and social progress of nations around the world. Energy is everything in the modern era, especially Oil and gas are Engine life for almost all machines to move and for produce, transport, food, for movement of vehicles, airplanes etc. We live in the age of energy. Oil is the most important ingredient for our lives, for industry, for economic development, for our prosperity but, unfortunately we are facing a global energy crisis with natural reserves being depleted fast due to over consumption, oil was once the source of human wealth, but it turned into “Tears of the devil,” The struggle over control of the rest of the world’s energy reserves peaked, and arrived at the bloody conflicts, the war in Iraq, was the most recent examples. Also Central Asia known as “the black hole of the land” because of the events of the last century, for example, the Caspian Sea contains the largest amount of oil and gas, and extended almost without end. The oil reserves are estimated at 100 billion barrels of crude oil in the Republics of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan alone1. It was installed pickets and props of establishing rules and deployment.

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SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS IN KAZAKHSTAN: CONCLUSIONS

February 9, 2014

CONCLUSIONS

Thus, in the process of the research, the theoretical aspects of SMB and legislation base of SMB functioning in the Republic of Kazakhstan were studied.

Small and medium business in the Republic of Kazakhstan is understood as such kind of activity in all branches of economy that is carried out by the physical persons registered as businessmen, and also the enterprises of any organizational and legal form that is defined by steady qualitative and quantity indicators.

The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. A. Nazarbaev always paid great attention and support for business formation and development.

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SMALL AND MEDIUM BUSINESS IN KAZAKHSTAN: Foreign Trade Turnover

February 7, 2014

Foreign Trade Turnover of Kazakhstan considering mutual trade with Russia and Belorussia in January-December 2010 by customs statistics data is 89,0 mlrd.USD and in comparison with January-December 2009 increased by 24,3% including export 59,2 mlrd. USD (37,1% increase), import – 29,7 mlrd.USD (4,8% increase).

In January-December 2010 67,5 mln. tones of oil and gas condensate were exported, that is by 0,3% more than in the same period of 2009, in value terms the export made up 37 mlrd. USD and increase by 1,4 times.

Consumer Price Index in January 2011 made up 101, 7% in comparison with January 2010. The prices for provisions increased by 3, 0%, for non-provisions by 0,5% and for services – by 1,2%.The prices of manufacturers in January 2011 increased by 19,7% in comparison with January 2010.

As per World Bank data, the world price for Brent oil made up 96, 3 USD/barrel in January 2011 (in January 2010 it was 76,4 USD/barrel).

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